Heel pains are very common nowadays. Many people the young and old fall victim to it. Heel pains usually occur when there are spurs in the heel. The pain is caused where the band of tissue that extends from heels to toes get inflamed. Then the plantar fascia starts to get irritated and starts to inflame. The other causes for heel pains are stress, arthritis, and fracture in the feet, history of nerve irritation and in some rare cases cyst. It has also been found recently that lack of adherence to wearing the proper foot wear especially when the feet comes in contact with hard and rough surfaces also cause the heel pain. Sometimes people wear bigger shoes without shoe inserts; this gives a lot of pressure to the toes.
How to identify the symptoms?
You can identify heel pain if you feel pain on your heels. Sometimes such pain may not last even a day. But if they are recurring it might be important to consider medical attention. Immediate medical attention is advised for those who feel recurring pain at the bottom of heel, experiencing excruciating pain when arising, pain in the arch of feet and pain that keep getting worse over many months.
Treatments and future care
There are many surgical and non-surgical treatments that are available for the suffering patients. Surgical treatments are very rarely considered as for majority of patients the non-surgical treatments work. The non-surgical treatments like healing pads and strapping are generally used. Orthotic devices like orthotic insoles can be used as shoe inserts. They balance the heel and help reduce the pain.
Orthotic insoles are especially beneficial if the patient suffers from structural abnormalities. But this should be recommended by the consulting physician. Persons who don’t experience heel pains can also use the shoe inserts as they don’t have any side effects. People whose jobs require them to be on their feet like engineers, waitresses, athletes and others may consider this.
The other methods are injection therapy like corticosteroid injections are used to reduce the inflammations. They do have positive results but if one feels uneasy using the needle or unsafe they may also choose a walking cast that is removable. This will keep the feet immobile over weeks to heal it. Patients with heel pain upon rising can use a night splint that will maintain the plantar fascia when it extends during sleeping. Heel pains are unfortunately a permanent condition and wearing preventative shoes will be beneficial.